Spacecraft escaping the Solar System
Distance from Sun (AU) Pioneer 10: 125.220 Pioneer 11: 103.732 Voyager 2: 122.804 Voyager 1: 148.103 New Horizons: 46.357
Speed relative to Sun (km/s) Pioneer 10: 11.934 Pioneer 11: 11.224 Voyager 2: 15.326 Voyager 1: 16.967 New Horizons: 13.975
Ecliptic latitude Pioneer 10: 3° Pioneer 11: 14° Voyager 2: -37° Voyager 1: 35° New Horizons: 2°
Declination Pioneer 10: 25° 57′ Pioneer 11: -8° 57′ Voyager 2: -57° 58′ Voyager 1: 12° 2′ New Horizons: -20° 28′
Right ascension Pioneer 10: 5h 10m Pioneer 11: 18h 52m Voyager 2: 20h 2m Voyager 1: 17h 15m New Horizons: 19h 12m
Constellation Pioneer 10: Taurus Pioneer 11: Scutum Voyager 2: Pavo Voyager 1: Ophiuchus New Horizons: Sagittarius
Distance from Earth (AU) Pioneer 10: 124.471 Pioneer 11: 104.650 Voyager 2: 123.581 Voyager 1: 148.694 New Horizons: 47.317
One-way light time (hours) Pioneer 10: 17.20 Pioneer 11: 14.51 Voyager 2: 17.13 Voyager 1: 20.61 New Horizons: 6.5
Brightness of Sun from spacecraft (Magnitude) Pioneer 10: -16.2 Pioneer 11: -16.6 Voyager 2: -16.3 Voyager 1: -15.8 New Horizons: -18.4
Spacecraft still functioning? Pioneer 10: no Pioneer 11: no Voyager 2: yes Voyager 1: yes New Horizons: yes
Launch Date Pioneer 10: 1972-Mar-03 Pioneer 11: 1973-Apr-06 Voyager 2: 1977-Aug-20 Voyager 1: 1977-Sep-05 New Horizons: 2006-Jan-19We discuss the five spacecraft which are leaving the Solar System on escape trajectories – our first emissaries to the stars. On this scale, the nearest star to the Sun would be approximately 100 meters away, and it would take Voyager 1 about 70,000 years to cover that distance.
featuring Model: Caroline Longo
all photographs by Michelle Gemma
The Full Wolf Moon of January,
and Lunar Eclipse in Cancer
10 January 2020
Mystic, CT USA
Just when the thought occurs
The panic will pass
And the smell of the fields
Put your faith
In those crimson nights
In those turquoise days
excerpt from “Turquoise Days”, Echo and the Bunnymen, Heaven Up Here, 1981.
“In 1981, music magazine the NME described the album as darker and more passionate than 1980’s Crocodiles. The Record Mirror also said that the band sang the blues and devoted themselves to existential sadness. They went on to note that the album offered ‘an anatomy of melancholy, resplendent with the glamour of doom’ ”
featuring Model: Lena Curland
The Full Flower Moon of May
18 May 2019
Stonington Borough, CT USA
For Ezra Pound:
“April is the cruellest month, breeding
Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing
Memory and desire, stirring
Dull roots with spring rain.
Winter kept us warm, covering
Earth in forgetful snow, feeding
A little life with dried tubers.”
excerpt from: The Waste Land by T. S. ELIOT
featuring Model: Emma Rocherolle
The Full Pink Moon of April:
19 April 2019
Noank, CT USA
In 2019, the full Moon of March rises on the same day as the vernal equinox—marking the start of spring!
March also brings the final supermoon of 2019.
The March full Moon is particularly special because it reaches its peak on the same day as the spring equinox, on March 20, 2019. The last time the full Moon and the spring equinox coincided this closely (4 hours apart) was in March 2000, but the last time they occurred on the same date was on March 20, 1981!
Traditionally, the Moon we see in March is called the Full Worm Moon. At this time of the year, the ground begins to soften enough for earthworm casts to reappear, inviting robins and birds to feed—a true sign of spring. Roots start to push their way up through the soil, and the Earth experiences a re-birth as it awakens from its winter slumber.
This full Moon is also a supermoon, meaning the Moon will be nearly at its closest to Earth for the month of March. It’s the year’s third (and final) of three straight full supermoons. This means that the Moon may “appear” brighter and bigger than normal, provided the night sky is clear and dark.
featuring Model: Alycia de los Santos
The Full Worm Moon of March:
20 March 2019
Seaside, Waterford, CT USA